Super is taxed at various stages of its life cycle. The type and amount of tax that applies will vary depending on your age, the contributions you make, your benefit amount and whether you take it as a lump-sum or pension.
A 15% contributions tax applies to all concessional contributions. Concessional contributions are those put into your super from before-tax income and include:
The 15% contribution tax is deducted from contributions and paid directly to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO). However, if you have not given us your tax file number you could be taxed at the top marginal rate of 47% (including the Medicare levy).
If your total annual income exceeds $250,000, Division 293 tax of an additional 15% applies to any before-tax (concessional) super contributions. This means you pay 30% tax on concessional contributions instead of the standard 15%.
If your concessional contributions push your total annual income over the $250,000 threshold, the additional 15% tax will only apply to those amounts in excess of $250,000 up to the concessional contributions cap. Total income is defined in a similar way to that for Medicare levy surcharge purposes.
The Australian Government puts a limit on the amount of before-tax money (concessional contributions) you can put into your super. This is known as the concessional contributions cap and it is currently $27,500 for everyone. Exceeding the cap could mean paying higher tax.
It is possible to carry forward unused concessional contributions cap space amounts from 1 July 2018, if you have a total superannuation balance of less than $500,000 at the end of 30 June in the previous year. Unused amounts from 1 July 2018 are available for a maximum of five years, and will expire after this.
Excess concessional contributions are included in your taxable income, taxed at your marginal tax rate plus an excess concessional contributions charge. If you exceed your cap for the financial year you can elect to withdraw up to 85% of your excess concessional contributions (15% contributions tax has already been paid) from super. The Australian Taxation Office will contact you to explain your options.
If there’s a chance you could exceed your cap you should talk to your payroll area or contact us.
If you have a defined benefit a specific formula is used to work out the value of concessional contributions that have been made to fund your defined benefit and these are referred to as your notional taxed contributions (NTC).
If your NTC exceeds the concessional contributions cap your contributions are still considered to be within the cap and will not be subject to additional tax. However, any additional concessional contributions on top of the NTCs in excess of the concessional contributions cap will be subject to the additional tax. Download the relevant defined benefit guide from brightersuper.com.au to find out more about the NTC calculation.
Anyone under age 67 and those aged 67 to 74 who satisfy the work test can claim a tax deduction for contributions made from after-tax money. If claimed as a tax deduction these contributions will count towards the concessional contributions cap and be taxed at 15%.
From 1 July 2018, anyone with a total superannuation balance less than $500,000 at the end of a financial year (30 June), can carry forward the unused portion of their concessional contributions cap on a rolling basis for a period of 5 years. This means from 1 July 2022, you can add the unused portion of your annual concessional contribution cap from the previous 4 financial years to your 2022/23 annual cap. Amounts not used will expire after 5 years.
Non-concessional contributions are contributions made from income you have already paid tax on. These include:
The Australian Government limits the amount of after tax money you can pay into your super. This is known as the non-concessional contributions cap and it is currently set at $110,000 for the 2022/23 financial year. If you are eligible and you are under age 75, you can ‘bring forward’ the next 2 years’ non-concessional contributions caps. This means you can contribute up to 330,000. Depending on your circumstances such as age the amount can be contributed as one lump sum or spread over the 3 years.
If you triggered the bring forward rule prior to 1 July 2021 when the non concessional contribution cap was $100,000 per year then you are only entitled to a total bring forward amount of $300,000.
Anyone with a total superannuation balance of $1.7 million or more is unable to make non-concessional contributions. If you have under $1.7 million in super, you can make up to $110,000 a year in non-concessional contributions depending on your total superannuation balance at 30 June in the previous financial year. Access will be restricted for balances of $1.4 million or more, as shown in the following table.
The general transfer balance cap was indexed from $1.6 to $1.7 million on 1 July 2021. As result there is not a single cap that applies to all individuals. Every individual will have their own personal transfer balance cap of between $1.6 and $1.7 million, depending on their circumstances. You can view your total superannuation balance using the ATO’s online services through your myGov account. Go to www.ato.gov.au for details.
|Total super balance on 30 June 2022||Non-concessional contributions cap for 2022-23 (first year)||Bring-forward period|
|Less than $1.48 million||$330,000||3 years|
|$1.48 million to less than $1.59 million||$220,000||2 years|
|$1.59 million to less than $1.7 million||$110,000||No bring-forward period. General non-concessional contributions cap applies|
|$1.7 million or above||Nil||N/A|
Contributions made above the cap will be taxed at the maximum rate of 47% (including the Medicare levy). If you go over your non-concessional contributions cap you can elect to withdraw any excess contributions and associated earnings from your super as determined by the ATO.
There is a $1.7 million cap on the amount of money that can be transferred from super into a pension (where the investment earnings are tax free). The transfer balance cap applies to current retirees and anyone yet to enter the retirement phase.
The general transfer balance cap was indexed from $1.6 to $1.7 million on 1 July 2021. As result there is not a single cap that applies to all individuals. Every individual will have their own personal transfer balance cap of between $1.6 and $1.7 million, depending on their circumstances. Please contact Brighter Super to understand how you may be impacted or You can view your total superannuation balance using the ATO’s online services through your myGov account. Go to www.ato.gov.au for details.
Amounts above the cap are subject to a transfer balance tax based on ‘notional earnings determined by a legislative formula’. The tax is payable to the ATO for each day the amount remains in excess of the cap.
To keep your balance below the $1.7 million transfer balance cap you can either transfer the excess amount to a Brighter Super Accumulation account where earnings are taxed at 15% or withdraw the money from your Brighter Super Pension account.
The transfer balance cap is indexed in $100,000 increments and will grow in line with the consumer price index. Additional income tax rules apply to defined benefit income streams in excess of $106,250.
Money put into your super account is invested, and investment earnings are taxed at a maximum of 15%. However, the actual tax rate payable by super funds is generally less than 15% because of allowable deductions, tax credits and offsets. The investment earnings applied to your account have already had fees and taxes deducted. Pension account investment earnings remain tax free.
Investment earnings for your Transition to retirement pension account (TTR) will be taxed at a maximum rate of 15% in the fund (the same rate that applies to earnings from an Accumulation account). The investment earnings applied to your TTR have already had any fees and taxes deducted.
Any lump sum you withdraw from Brighter Super is generally made up of two components: tax-free and taxable. You cannot choose the tax components your withdrawal comes from as the Australian Government requires payments to be proportional.
The tax-free component is always tax free and includes any pre-July 1983 component at 30 June 2007 and all after-tax contributions paid in, such as:
The taxable component generally includes:
|If you are...||Taking a lump sum|
|under preservation age||taxed at 22%*|
|between preservation age and 60||tax free for the first $230,000. Remainder taxed at 17%*|
|60 or over||tax free|
* includes Medicare Levy
Pension payments may be included in your assessable income for tax purposes, however there are tax advantages that apply to superannuation pension income that do not apply to salary (e.g. a tax-free component, 15% tax offset and tax-free investment earnings if you have a Brighter Super Pension account).
|If you are...||Taking a pension|
|between preservation age and 60||taxable component of pension income will be taxed at marginal tax rates with a 15% tax offset applied.|
|60 or over||tax free|
See our Pension accounts Product Disclosure Statement for more details.
Death benefits are tax-free if paid to a dependant.
For tax purposes a dependant is:
If the benefit is paid to someone who is not considered a dependant, the taxable portion of the benefit is taxed at 17% including the Medicare levy. The untaxed component is taxed at 32% including the Medicare levy. The taxed and untaxed components are calculated at the time of payment.
If you are over 60 years of age when you die, you still have a taxable component for death benefit purposes.
Death benefits taken as a reversionary pension are taxed differently depending on your age when you die, as well as the age of your reversionary beneficiary. If you are over age 60 at the time you die, the reversionary pension will be tax exempt. If you are under age 60 at the time you die, the reversionary pension will be taxed at marginal tax rates plus the Medicare levy until your reversionary beneficiary reaches age 60, at which point it becomes tax free. Contact us for more information.
If you suffer a total and permanent disability before the age of 60, an additional portion of your benefit will become tax free. If you become terminally ill, your full benefit will be tax free.
The superannuation surcharge is a tax that applied, until 1 July 2005, to the employer contributions made for higher income earners.
LGIAsuper Trustee (ABN 94 085 088 484) (AFSL 230511) (the Trustee) as trustee for LGIAsuper (ABN 23 053 121 564) (RSE R1000160) (the Fund) trading as Brighter Super. Brighter Super products are issued by the Trustee on behalf of the Fund. Brighter Super may refer to the Trustee or LGIAsuper as the context may be.
This info sheet provides general information only and does not take into account your individual objectives, financial situation or needs. As such, you should consider whether it is appropriate in light of your own objectives, financial situation and needs prior to making any decision. You should consult a licensed financial advisor if you require advice which does take into account your personal financial circumstances. You should also obtain and consider the Product Disclosure Statement (PDS) before making any decision to acquire any products. A Target Market Determination (TMD) is a document that outlines the target market a product has been designed for. Find the PDSs and TMDs at brightersuper.com.au/governance.